Some students with Attention Disorders or on the Autism Spectrum often lack Executive Function Skills. These skills help us plan, organize, make decisions, shift between situations or thoughts, control our emotions and impulsivity, and learn from past mistakes. That means they have difficulties with analyzing, planning and organizing. Here are 3 key strategies for managing executive function skill weakness: 

Executive function skills help us plan, organize, make decisions, shift between situations or thoughts, control our emotions and impulsivity, and learn from past mistakes. 


Students with weak executive functioning often have difficulties analyzing, planning and organizing.


Following are 3 key strategies for supporting a student some definitions related to executive function:


Intervene at the place where you see the area of need: 

1. Change the Physical or Social Environment

a. seating arrangements,
b. fewer kids- more adults,
c. class helpers,
d. fewer distractions


2. Modify the Tasks we Expect the Child to Preform 
a. shorter tasks,
b. break task down into smaller steps, 
c. more breaks,
d. visual  schedule,
e. give choices of topic,
f. turn in date (provide more time),
g. change the order,
h. give a start and end point.


3. Change the way adults interact with the child

a. role-play situations and their response,
b. use verbal prompts,
c. use checklists,
d. effective praise – 4-5 positives for each corrective feedback.

All of these strategies can work at home and/or the classroom. Families should work with their child’s teacher, school counselor and/or school psychologist to find ways to support their child in the classroom, with recommendations of ways to follow through at home. 



The supports should focus on strengths and provide help where needed to develop tools and systems to support and strengthen weaker areas. 


For More Information & Strategies
to help your child learn Executive Functioning Skills, see PIC’s online brochure and “What are Executive Functioning Skills," tutorial.

And for more tips, contact PIC at (307) 684-2277.

For more information and strategies to help your child learn Executive Functioning skills, see PIC’s brochure Executive Functioning Skills and the tutorial “What are Executive Functioning Skills?”

What is PHP of WY, Inc.?

Parents Helping Parents of Wyoming, Inc is a private, non-profit organization founded in 1990. Governed by a board of directors, the majority who are parents or family members of children with disabilities. PHP 's mission is to help families become more active in their children’s learning and education, to serve and support children with and without disabilities through advocacy, education, and referral. 

It is the policy of the Parent Information Center to ensure equitable access to and participation in its activities for all Wyoming families with special attention paid to ensuring access for the most underserved families due to poverty, disability, race, color, language, ethnicity, immigrant status or national origin, gender, or age.

PHP of WY is a non-profit, 501(c)3 organization; therefore, your donation is tax deductible. We welcome all donations. Every donation helps us strengthen our network of support for families.

Parent Information Center
238 N. Main St, Suite 5
Buffalo, WY 82834 
(307) 684-2277