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Some students with Attention Disorders or on the Autism Spectrum often lack Executive Function Skills. These skills help us plan, organize, make decisions, shift between situations or thoughts, control our emotions and impulsivity, and learn from past mistakes. That means they have difficulties with analyzing, planning and organizing. Here are some definitions related to executive function: 

Response Inhibition
The capacity to think before you act – the ability to resist the urge to say or do something allows us the time to evaluate a situation and how behavior might impact it.

Working Memory
The ability to hold information in memory while carrying out complex tasks. It combines the ability to draw on past learning or experience to apply to the current situation or to project into the future. 

Emotional Control
The ability to manage emotions in order to achieve goals, complete tasks, or control and direct behavior. 

Flexibility
The ability to revise plans in the face of obstacles, setbacks, new information or mistakes.  It relates to being able to adapt to changing conditions.

Sustained Attention
The capacity to maintain attention to a situation or task in spite of distractibility, fatigue, or boredom.

Task Initiation
The ability to begin projects without procrastination, in a timely fashion. 

Organization
The ability to create and maintain systems to keep track of information or materials.

Time Management
The capacity to estimate how much time one has, how to allocate it, and how to stay within time limits and deadlines. It also involves a sense that time is important.

Goal-Directed Persistence
The capacity to have a goal, follow through to the completion of it and  not be put off or distracted by competing interests.

Metacognition
The ability to stand back and take a birds-eye view of oneself in a situation. It is an ability to observe how you problem solve. It also includes self-monitoring/evaluative skills (Asking yourself, “How am I doing?” or “How did I do?”).

For More Information & Strategies
to help your child learn Executive Functioning Skills, see PIC’s online brochure and “3 Key Strategies for Managing Your Child with Executive Function Skills Weaknesses," tutorial.

And for more tips, contact PIC at (307) 684-2277.

For more information and strategies to help your child learn Executive Functioning skills, see PIC’s brochure Executive Functioning Skills and the tutorial “3 Key Strategies for Managing Your Child with Executive Function Skills Weaknesses”.


What is PHP of WY, Inc.?

Parents Helping Parents of Wyoming, Inc is a private, non-profit organization founded in 1990. Governed by a board of directors, the majority who are parents or family members of children with disabilities. PHP 's mission is to help families become more active in their children’s learning and education, to serve and support children with and without disabilities through advocacy, education, and referral. 

It is the policy of the Parent Information Center to ensure equitable access to and participation in its activities for all Wyoming families with special attention paid to ensuring access for the most underserved families due to poverty, disability, race, color, language, ethnicity, immigrant status or national origin, gender, or age.

PHP of WY is a non-profit, 501(c)3 organization; therefore, your donation is tax deductible. We welcome all donations. Every donation helps us strengthen our network of support for families.

Parent Information Center
500 W. Lott Street Suite A, 
Buffalo, WY 82834 
(307) 684-2277