Extended school year services must be provided if a child’s IEP team determines, on an individual basis, that the services are necessary to provide Free Appropriate Public Education to the child. When considering the need for ESY, the team will determine if the child needs the services to continue to move toward accomplishment of the goals and objectives listed on the IEP.

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) defines Extended School Year (ESY) as special education and related services that: 

1) Are available as necessary to provide free appropriate public education (FAPE);

2) Are provided to a child with a disability –

* Beyond the normal school year;
* In accordance with the child’s IEP;
*At no cost to the parents of the child; and

3) Meet the standards of the State Education Agency

Goals and Objectives
When considering ESY, the team will determine if the child needs the services to continue to move toward accomplishment of the goals and objectives listed on the IEP. 

Review Annually
The need for ESY should be considered at the annual IEP meeting for each child on an IEP.  

If the child’s IEP is held early in the school year, then a meeting to discuss ESY should be scheduled later in the year

Critical and Crucial
The IEP team should include any area that is crucial to the child’s progress toward “self-sufficiency”.

“Critical life skills” may include, but are not limited to: self-help, social skills, emotional support, mobility, communication, assistive technology, academics, and vocational skills. 

Scheduling based on Individual Need
ESY scheduling, as to duration, amount and extent of services, must be determined by the individual needs of the child and cannot be determined by the district’s summer school schedule.

Previously Learned Skills
New goals and objectives are not to be added to the child’s IEP for Extended School Year.

The object is maintenance of previously learned skills.

Consider Related Services
If the IEP requires related services, that may be lost over an extended time without them, it must be considered for ESY. 

Examples: speech, physical, occupational therapy, transportation, mobility training, vocation, and life skills training, etc. 

Need Determined
If the IEP team determines that a child needs ESY services, the district cannot say no.  Ask the district to either provide the services as determined by the IEP team or to put in writing why they cannot provide the services that are written in the IEP.

Reaching an Agreement
Many times, a district will provide the ESY services through a contractor. If the district and the parents cannot reach agreement, then the parents may exercise the procedural safeguards.

For More Information & Questions to Ask
The issue that determines if the child needs ESY is whether the progress made by the child during the regular school year.

For questions to ask to help in making these decisions, check out the PIC Brochure, Extended School Year: Helping to Accomplish Educational Goals.

View WY Dept of Ed’s guidance.

For more information and strategies to help your child accomplish educational goals through an Extended School Year (ESY), see PIC’s brochure Extended School Year (ESY) Helping to Accomplish Educational Goals

Some students with Attention Disorders or on the Autism Spectrum often lack Executive Function Skills. These skills help us plan, organize, make decisions, shift between situations or thoughts, control our emotions and impulsivity, and learn from past mistakes. That means they have difficulties with analyzing, planning and organizing. Here are 3 key strategies for managing executive function skill weakness: 

Executive function skills help us plan, organize, make decisions, shift between situations or thoughts, control our emotions and impulsivity, and learn from past mistakes. 


Students with weak executive functioning often have difficulties analyzing, planning and organizing.


Following are 3 key strategies for supporting a student some definitions related to executive function:


Intervene at the place where you see the area of need: 

1. Change the Physical or Social Environment

a. seating arrangements,
b. fewer kids- more adults,
c. class helpers,
d. fewer distractions


2. Modify the Tasks we Expect the Child to Preform 
a. shorter tasks,
b. break task down into smaller steps, 
c. more breaks,
d. visual  schedule,
e. give choices of topic,
f. turn in date (provide more time),
g. change the order,
h. give a start and end point.


3. Change the way adults interact with the child

a. role-play situations and their response,
b. use verbal prompts,
c. use checklists,
d. effective praise – 4-5 positives for each corrective feedback.

All of these strategies can work at home and/or the classroom. Families should work with their child’s teacher, school counselor and/or school psychologist to find ways to support their child in the classroom, with recommendations of ways to follow through at home. 



The supports should focus on strengths and provide help where needed to develop tools and systems to support and strengthen weaker areas. 


For More Information & Strategies
to help your child learn Executive Functioning Skills, see PIC’s online brochure and “What are Executive Functioning Skills," tutorial.

And for more tips, contact PIC at (307) 684-2277.

For more information and strategies to help your child learn Executive Functioning skills, see PIC’s brochure Executive Functioning Skills and the tutorial “What are Executive Functioning Skills?”

What is PHP of WY, Inc.?

Parents Helping Parents of Wyoming, Inc is a private, non-profit organization founded in 1990. Governed by a board of directors, the majority who are parents or family members of children with disabilities. PHP 's mission is to help families become more active in their children’s learning and education, to serve and support children with and without disabilities through advocacy, education, and referral. 

It is the policy of the Parent Information Center to ensure equitable access to and participation in its activities for all Wyoming families with special attention paid to ensuring access for the most underserved families due to poverty, disability, race, color, language, ethnicity, immigrant status or national origin, gender, or age.

PHP of WY is a non-profit, 501(c)3 organization; therefore, your donation is tax deductible. We welcome all donations. Every donation helps us strengthen our network of support for families.

Parent Information Center
500 W. Lott Street Suite A, 
Buffalo, WY 82834 
(307) 684-2277